Owing to the rapid increase in number of people, the world population is expected to be around 10 billion by the year 2057. This increase in the global population will lead to an increase in demand for natural resources like petroleum, oil, coal, freshwater, and particularly food. To address the heightening demand for food from the limited available farmlands and labor, specialists’ horticulture machinery designers and technology vendors are presenting innovative arrangements in the field of agriculture.
Smart farming is an emerging idea that alludes to overseeing farms, utilizing advancements like Internet of Things, mechanical technology, robots, and Artificial Intelligence to better the quality and quantity of crops while making optimum use of human labor required in the process of production.
Smart farming is growing in popularity due to three factors.
- The rapidly increasing global population
- The increasing demand for higher crop yield
- The necessity to use natural resources efficiently
Internet of Things (IoT) in Agriculture:
IoT advancements allow cultivators and ranchers to decrease waste and increase effective and efficient use of products, going from the amount of compost used to the number of excursions the farm vehicles have made. IoT technology also enables effective use of resources like water, electricity, and fossil fuels like petrol and diesel.
IoT smart farming solutions is a framework that is worked for observing the harvest field with the assistance of sensors and automatic irrigation systems. The farmers can screen the field conditions from any place. They can likewise choose among manual and computerized alternatives for making essential moves depending on the information provided.
The capacity to follow climate among every one of the harvests in real-time, wearable IoT gadgets that track animals, locations, and vitals and sensors that report on how well pest control is functioning. These are only a few features of IoT in farming.
Augmented reality provides a number of possibilities for various end users, including manufacturing, healthcare, among others. However, its applications in the agriculture sector are not yet fully realized. Therefore, the market for AR in agriculture is a rather new concept, though it has a lot of potential for advancements. The most challenging factors for the development of AR hardware are the health and safety issues.
Digital technologies like AR, IoT, among more, can expand yield in agriculture. Notwithstanding, these innovations should be created in accordance with current difficulties being faced by the industry. In case these technological innovations are haphazardly integrated without knowing the repercussions, it could transform the entire method into a bane instead of a boon.