According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN), the world population will increase by more than 30% by 2050, reaching approximately 9 billion people. Therefore, farmers must adopt new precision agriculture processes that will allow them to grow more crops more efficiently.
Hyperspectral imaging is considered as an answer for addressing the issue of worldwide food safety and food demand. Here is how the adoption of hyperspectral imaging can help growers:
- Indicate early stages of pathogen attack
- Help estimate yield and predict crop failure
- Enables steady monitoring and management of plant health
- Maximize yield by taking informed decisions timely
- Check areas of low fertilizer by identifying stressed plants
- Detect waterlogging
Hyperspectral imaging is a technology that can be used in a variety of fields, including healthcare, defense, and security. These technological advances have been used in agriculture for a variety of applications, including calculating crop biochemical and biophysical parameters for predicting yield and understanding vegetation physiological status, evaluating crop nutrient status, monitoring crop disease, and examining soil components.
The method of hyperspectral imaging entails acquiring and processing images at a wide range of wavelengths. While multispectral imaging may examine a process using three or four colors (red, green, blue, and near-infrared), hyperspectral imaging divides the image into tens or hundreds of hues.
Precision agriculture, which requires more than basic red, green, and blue (RGB) information, has benefited greatly from this technology. Hyperspectral imaging, unlike radiography, is a non-destructive, non-contact method that may be utilized without harming the item being studied. Plant illnesses, weeds, soil erosion problems, and crop yields can all be detected by drones equipped with hyperspectral cameras.
Because of the COVID-19 epidemic, the supply chain for most businesses around the world was disrupted, including the hyperspectral imaging in agriculture business. Government steps to limit the spread of COVID-19 had a substantial influence on the global hyperspectral imaging in agriculture market, as equipment makers were unable to provide equipment for deployment in the agricultural field.
The growing number of crop failure incidences around the world is a primary driver of this imaging in agriculture. This is primarily due to the plants being injured, destroyed, or otherwise harmed in such a way that they fail to produce the expected amount of edible fruit, seeds, or leaves. Crop failure produces a slew of issues, the most serious of which is disruption of the supply chain. With a greater emphasis on agricultural digitization, the global hyperspectral imaging in agriculture industry is likely to rise in the future years.