The integration of communication satellites with 5G infrastructure is referred to as 5G satellite communication. It is expected to improve the user experience for high-capacity internet applications.
The 5G satellite communication technology will enable a true high-speed transmission, reduced latency, and greater internet connection, as well as the implementation of virtual networks (network slicing) and more personalized connectivity to specific demands.
Connecting satellites to 5G is becoming increasingly important to bridge the digital gap between rural and urban areas.
The integration of a communication satellite with a 5G network would aid in delivering unique, ubiquitous, low-cost, high-speed connectivity to places with poor or no mobile coverage.
Development and innovation in the space and terrestrial sectors have contributed to bringing down the cost of satellite communication in recent years.
5G satellite communication, with improved bandwidth, reduced latency, and more capacity, is projected to change the worldwide information and communication technology (ICT) market.
According to BIS Research, the global 5G satellite communication market is expected to grow at a significant CAGR of 28.91% on the basis of value during the forecast period from 2021 to 2030.
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How can 5G satellite communication be used on different platforms?
To understand various changes and innovations taking place within the defense (air, land, and naval), smart city, public safety domains, etc., one should understand the applications of 5G satellite communication in detail.
• Defense: Defense forces can improve their situational awareness anywhere in the world by utilizing 5G satellite communication technologies.
5G technology enables smart hype rsonic weapons with on-the-fly re-targeting in achieving faster access to mission-critical data from the combat zone and allowing drones that can safely operate with commercial aircraft.
Defense agencies in nations throughout the world are evaluating further options and locations where 5G satellite communication technology could be used.
This sector has been further divided into distinct segments that come under defense, i.e., air, land, and naval sectors.
Air: Military aviation is a term used to describe the air component in the defense sector. Military aviation may use this technology to improve the operations of manned and unmanned aerial vehicles and surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft to complete essential tasks.
By combining satellite Internet of Things (IoT) and artificial intelligence (AI), the air defense sector may achieve speedier communication and data transmission and highly networked aircraft.
Land: The army will improve the operations of ground vehicles and enable connection across various soldier units with the adoption of 5G satellite communication technology to achieve mission goals.
Most militaries across the globe currently use satellite communication systems for mission-critical communications; however, the deployment of these technologies will significantly enhance the rates at which digital data can be transported from one location to another.
Naval: The naval sector, often known as the navy, relies primarily on satellite communication channels since its operations take place at sea and in open waters where no terrestrial infrastructure can be established.
As a result, 5G satellite communication technologies are likely to revolutionize the essential operations model of navies by delivering more resilient connections via geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO), low Earth orbit (LEO), and medium Earth orbit (MEO) satellites.
• Smart Cities: Smart city refers to a city that integrates a collection of solutions that are used in an urban context to alter administration, society, and working environments.
5G satellite communication and connected applications, commerce, media, and the content would expedite this change and lead to the up-gradation of existing services and the creation of new business prospects.
• Public Safety: Keeping the people and assets safe during emergencies such as earthquakes, tornadoes, tsunamis, wildfires, and other natural disasters needs quick and effective communication. Communication solutions are critical in giving disaster help to victims.
It also helps in the rapid movement of logistics, rescue devices, etc., to overcome natural or man-made disasters.
• Farming Sector: In this sector, farmers require the implementation of cutting-edge technologies to automate, track, and monitor the agriculture process.
Currently, the majority of precision farming and smart farming sectors have already merged conventional agricultural techniques with information and communication technology (ICT) to improve the quality of their output.
This industry is expected to see tremendous growth if 5G satellite comm. technologies are used since properties of the 5G network, such as low latency, high bandwidth, and support for multiple communication sensors, would intensify the significance and relevance of its integration in the agricultural sector.
To summarize, this technology has the potential to enable new applications, industries, and business models by providing high-speed data, real-time communications, minimal latency, and massive connections.
The 5G satellite communication service has the potential to fulfill different industrial and consumer demands, enter new markets, and produce considerable growth for mobile network operators and satellite operators.
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