As per United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNDOC), the amount of money laundered internationally in a year is believed to be between 2 and 5% of global GDP or $800 billion and $2 trillion in today’s dollars. The overall quantity of money that goes through the laundering cycle is impossible to measure due to the anonymous nature of money laundering.
Technology plays an essential role in finding the frauds.
There are multiple anti-money laundering software available to track the laundering transactions. Anti-money laundering or AML software employs technology to assist legal and financial organizations in meeting legal criteria imposed by lawmakers to detect and combat money laundering.
The usage of anti-money laundering software should be part of a greater anti-money laundering compliance program and applied as part of a risk-based approach to a financial institution’s specific profile.
Measures to Prevent Money Laundering
Money laundering activities can significantly be reduced by maintaining a high level of monitoring. Customers’ deposits and other transactions can be monitored by financial institutions to ensure they aren’t part of a money-laundering scheme.
Large sums of money must be verified, suspicious activity must be monitored, and cash transactions above $10,000 must be reported.
Financial institutions must ensure that their clients are aware of AML requirements, The AML holding period, which requires deposits to remain in an account for a minimum of five trading days, is one requirement in effect. The purpose of this holding time is to aid in anti-money laundering and risk management.
Use of Anti-Money Laundering Software
Due to the complexity of the regulatory landscape in which an institution works, AML software is frequently a vital and indispensable aspect of that institution’s
AML (anti-money laundering) approach
The Bank Secrecy Act (1970) in the United States, for example, necessitates a significant managerial effort, including a stringent external auditing and innumerable reporting obligations; similarly, the Money Laundering Regulations (2007) in the United Kingdom and the EU’s Anti-Money Laundering Directive (2017) are complicated.
The regulatory compliances required for AML create large volumes of data about individual clients and transactions that human AML officers would be unable to handle. AML software, on the other hand, can efficiently and accurately analyze large amounts of data, filtering information for AML officers and supporting them in fulfilling their responsibilities to their institutions and the financial authorities.
Execution of Anti-Money Laundering Software
The AML institutions implement the AML software; they are responsible for the AML compliance program.
AML officers may be held personally accountable for any violations of the law and face criminal penalties. They choose their software package carefully, taking into account how it will be deployed and what kind of continuous assistance will be provided by the vendor.
As risk managers, AML officers must examine their institution’s specific demands and choose which AML software platform would best meet those needs. To that end, a competent vendor will collaborate with an AML officer to examine those specific requirements and guarantee that the chosen platform meets them most efficiently and effectively possible. AML officers ensure that their software is updated to the newest version and is still fit for purpose as legislation changes and software capabilities increase.
AML officers should also think about the specific training needs of their institution’s personnel who will use AML software. While AML software is a very valuable instrument in the battle against financial crime, its efficiency is boosted by its users’ abilities.
Aspects of Anti-money Laundering Software
AML software platforms, in general, assist financial institutions in implementing their anti-money laundering policies.
AML software can flag and monitor large-scale questionable transactions involving high-value assets, as well as smaller individual transactions.
While the functions and capacities of different systems certainly differ, AML software broadly falls into four categories:
Some jurisdictions maintain ‘blacklists’ of high-risk consumers and entities with whom financial institutions are barred from doing business (for example, the United States’ Specially Designated Nationals List). AML software swiftly identifies blacklisted people and reports them to a specific institution. Screening detects politically exposed persons (PEPs) and individuals who are receiving negative media attention, in addition to identifying sanctions.
The anti-money laundering software detects suspicious patterns in customer transactions utilizing previous data and account profile parameters. AML software used to monitor suspicious transactions in the U.S. would generate a suspicious activity report (SAR).
Currency Transaction Reporting (CTR)
AML software detects transaction patterns. Transactions worth more than $10,000, for example, are flagged immediately, as under the Bank Secrecy Act.
AML software implements compliance standards on a day-to-day basis. AML software’s data management features can be used to preserve precise records of employee training and scheduled audits, as well as track reports filed to regulatory bodies.
Money laundering is a technique of criminals to hide their crimes and the proceeds of their crimes. Anti-money laundering software is used by institutions to combat money laundering, terrorism financing, and other forms of financial crime.