Electronic equipment that can perform security activities such as surveillance, access control, alarms, or incursion control to a facility or an area using electricity from the mains and a power backup such as a battery is referred to as an electronic security system.
Some functions, such as electrical and mechanical gear, are also included. The sort of security system chosen is solely determined by the region to be secured and the hazards it faces.
Electronic security is concerned with utilizing innovation in defensive holding by expecting unauthorized access to people and things. The government is a common and large user of such security administrations, and commercial sectors also use security systems to provide security to their employees.
Alarms, access controls, and closed-circuit televisions (CCTVs) are all essential components of electronic security systems, and they are widely used. All these products have given CCTVs a new lease on life.
Classification of Electronic Security System:
- CCTV Surveillance Security System
- Fire Detection/Alarming System
- Access Control/Attendance System
Physical Access Control Systems (PACS)
Physical access control systems (PACS) are physical security systems that allow or restrict entry to a specific area or building.
PACS are frequently used to safeguard businesses and property from vandalism, theft, and trespassing, and they are particularly effective in locations that require higher levels of security and protection. Unlike physical obstacles such as retaining walls, fences, or strategic landscaping, physical access control processes regulate who, how, and when a person can get admittance.
Physical access control systems now come with a slew of new features and possibilities thanks to recent improvements in security technology. When planning and budgeting for a physical access control system, one decision you’ll have to make is what kind of credentials to implement.
If individuals are looking for a more cost-effective credential, keycards appear to be the best option straight away. On the other hand, keycards may end up costing much more in the long run because they are regularly lost and need to be replaced.
Also, a missing keycard can be a security risk if it falls into the wrong hands. If keycards or fobs are still the best options for the company, simply ensure to use encrypted keycards or utilize two-factor authentication for increased security.
A mobile credential provides your users with the flexibility of utilizing their smartphone to enter and depart the building while also providing multi-factor biometric authentication.
The following are the main components of a physical access control system:
- Access point: The point at which the barrier is required. Security gates, turnstiles, and door locks are common physical access control illustrations of access points. A secure location can have sole or numerous access points, such as an office within a larger compound.
- Personal credentials: To visit a facility or access data, most PACS need a user to have identification credentials. Fobs and key card entry systems, encrypted badges, mobile credentials, PIN codes, and passwords are all forms of physical access control credentials. Personalized credentials inform the system about the person attempting to get access.
- Readers and/or keypads: Readers, which are located near the access point, convey data from credentials to a control panel, which authenticates the credential and requests access authorization. Users must enter their PIN or finalize a scan when using a keypad or biometric reader (such as a fingerprint scan, facial ID, or retina scan).
- Control panel: The PACS control panel takes authentication data from the scanner and checks to see if it’s legitimate. If the credential data is approved, the control panel transmits permission data to the access point via the access control server, and the door unlocks. The user will not get access if the credential information is not authorized.
Maintenance and system administration are two other things to think about when developing your physical access control methods. Many older access control systems rely on inconvenient readers and on-site servers, requiring on-site monitoring and upkeep.
Delays in system upgrades might increase your system’s vulnerability to hackers, and older readers are more vulnerable to tampering. Physical access control systems are an excellent approach to restrict who has access to specific areas, but they do not provide a comprehensive picture of security.
Video Surveillance Systems (VSS) / Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV)
Closed-circuit television (CCTV) uses video cameras to send a signal to a specific location and displays it on a restricted number of screens.
Nowadays days, video surveillance devices appear to be everywhere. Technicians can watch for a range of illicit actions using video surveillance systems. On the other hand, video camera surveillance is a multi-functional instrument that can be used to monitor a wide range of processes and circumstances.
A video surveillance system is a network of one or more video cameras that transport the acquired video and audio data to a specific location. The photographs are not broadcast on television and are not available to the public. They can be watched in real-time or sent to a central place for capturing and storage.
Cameras to capture the image and some sort of recording device or monitoring service are the most basic components of a video camera surveillance system; one- and two-way audio speakers are also becoming quite prominent every day, adding yet another tool to the armory of a surveillance system monitoring company’s qualified technicians. Aside from the normal incidental supplies used when installing any kind of A/V equipment, you’ll only need cameras, possibly speakers, and a recording device or monitoring capability.
Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS)
A hardware or software program that monitors a network or systems for malicious activity or policy breaches is known as an intrusion detection system (IDS; sometimes known as an intrusion protection system or IPS).
An intrusion detection system (IDS) is a device or software program that watches for hostile activity or protocol breaches on a network. A security information and event monitoring system are often used to report or gather any malicious behavior or violation. Some intrusion detection systems can respond to intrusions as soon as they are discovered.
IDS come in a variety of forms, from antivirus software to tiered monitoring systems that track a network’s traffic. The following are the most prevalent classifications:
- Network intrusion detection systems (NIDS): A system that analyzes incoming network traffic
- Host-based intrusion detection systems (HIDS): A system that monitors important operating system files
HIDS refers to a system that monitors critical operating system files, whereas NIDS refers to a system that analyses incoming network traffic. IDS can also be classified using a detection strategy.
Some IDS products offer the capacity to respond to intrusions that have been detected. Intrusion prevention systems are often referred to as systems having reaction capabilities. Intrusion detection systems can also be enhanced with specialized tools to fulfill specific purposes, such as attracting and characterizing hostile traffic using a honeypot.
Collaboration of Electronic Security and Cybersecurity
The technique of protecting computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from hostile intrusions is known as cyber security. It’s also referred to as electronic information security or information technology security.
Until recently, electronic security experts were in charge of the gadgets that keep employees in and unwelcome intruders out, while cybersecurity experts were in charge of the system and its equipment.
But that is beginning to change. Electronic security experts and cybersecurity teams are interacting more than ever before, operating closely together, and generating more value for all stakeholders. The terms “electronic security” and “cybersecurity” are not interchangeable.
Electronic security and cybersecurity teams were established from the ground up in a unique way. It used to be straightforward: electronic security was responsible for protecting employees and businesses from physical risks, while cybersecurity was responsible for protecting people and businesses from internet threats. But, since technology has blurred these barriers, it’s becoming more difficult for teams to determine who should oversee devices, purchases, and overall administration.
Fostering coordination between electronic security and cybersecurity teams has advantages. The challenge is persuading each set of specialists to collaborate deliberately and strategically for the enhancement of overall organization security.
Building varied teams that focus on the demands of customers, with experts from both cybersecurity and electronic security working together for a given event or project, is one viable approach.