Agriculture across the world is evolving with the adoption of advanced technologies such as automation, digitalization, and artificial intelligence (AI). These technologies play a significant role in pest control, crop protection, weeding, and a number of other farming applications. Conventional farming methods, which are majorly led by engine power and tractors, are projected to be surpassed by automated equipment as a result of providing precision in farming operations.
Evolution in agriculture technology began over 10,000 years ago when farmers started using simple hand tools that gently evolved into mechanical equipment used today. As an example, tractors have replaced horse, ox and, to some extent, human labor for off-field operations.
However, the implementation of tractors is not flexible due to certain limitations. Hence, adoption of other automated equipment is increasingly being encouraged within the agriculture industry.
This enterprise is currently transitioning from low tech mechanization to high tech mechanization. High tech mechanization pursuits to use sensors and different computerized fusions as it uses software-based AI. The technology uses technologies along with drones and robots to deliver efficiency to farming operations.
Bringing efficiency in agriculture is the major aim of farmers worldwide, and automation is the key driver for efficient farming. Automation technologies include agriculture drones, robots, autonomous tractors that can be used for harvesting, land preparation, crop management, and other farming operations.
Currently, agriculture automation is more established in evolved countries attributed to the supply of superior technologies and systems. However, digital innovation in this technology can be more attractive to developing countries as it can create more opportunities for rural farming areas.
These robots and drones can assist inside the transformation of the agriculture area by introducing more specific agriculture techniques that can bring performance to farming operations. Agriculture robots can also help in bridging social sustainability with the aid of substituting onerous hard work while there is restrained availability of manual exertions.
These drones and robots provide more than one advantage over conventional farming equipment, which is another thing driving the demand for drones and robots in this industry. The adoption of agriculture robots in industrial farms gives massive cost-saving possibilities. In many farms, farmers face difficulties in finding enough manual labor for the duration of the harvest season, mainly in fruit and vegetable plantations. Agriculture robots can eliminate this gap and reduce the cost of specialized manpower in such farms. Moreover, agriculture robots also enable farmers to scale back the utilization of herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers, thereby further reducing their harmful implications on the environment.